Tuesday 18 December 2018

Performance assessment methods

A Performance Appraisal Methods “It is a systematic evaluation of an individual with respect to performance on the job and individual's potential for development. As in the previous discussion regarding the assessment of the performance of the Employees there are several performance assessment approaches:


A comparative Approach (Comparative approach).

Rank directly. (Rank)

In the rank of superiors, direct sort holders of Office, from the best to the worst, which are usually base on overall performance. This kind of ranking is only suitable in small organizations because the more difficult than the Office holders saw their performance differences.

Rank alternatives.

The evaluate will select the best workers for the top position and the worst workers in the worst position. Then choose the second best workers in the position of both the best and worst of workers both in the second worst position. And so on until the middle of the last position can be fill.

The pair Comparisons. (Pair Comparison)

Pair comparison Approach involves a comparison of the individual with other individuals, two people at once, with a single standard for determining who is better. The order of rank of the individual can be obtain by counting how many times each of the individual select as better for one pair.

Distribution methods of coercion. (Force distribution)

The term distribution of coercion is use to describe the format of the assessment which the evaluate is forc to distribute assess to some categories of performance. The assessment usually use some categories from the lowest (representing the poor performance) up to the highest level (representing excellent performance).

Approach base on properties (attribute approach).

The rating Scale the chart. (Graphic Rating Scale)

In this method, the appraisers determine the dimensions of performance that will be assess. Then the appraisers determine the categories of assessment to be made. This assessment category using the number 5 for the best and number 1 for the worst. The evaluate then directly assesses the performance of the individual and the resulting value will be add. Individuals with the highest value is the individual with the best performance and the individual with the lowest value is the individual with the worst performance.

Standard Scale (the mixture. Mixed standard scale)

In this method the evaluate makes some statements to test whether the employees have been doing their job well, more than that request or even less than that request by the superiors. Some such statement shall relate to willpower, cleverness and also relations with the community. When the individual has been carrying out its work in accordance with the revelation that then will be given a value of 0, if less that exists within the revelation then be rate – and if request more than it will be rate +. Furthermore, all such statements will be level to determine value. The value of each category of the statement that will determine the level of performance of individual.

The approach base on the results (Result approach) 

Management base on target (Management by objectives)

Assessor in this method are the people who are experience and high-performing ones can develop their own strategies. The workings of this method is how a goal can be achieve with blurt out ambiguity and also the obstacles that may impede the achievement of business goals. Assessment conduct can be simple or complicate legally, depending on the needs of the target will be achieved. Superiors and subordinates will both evaluate top failures that may occur and then decide the new goals that are possible for the target is not reache before. The average system MBO takes 2 years after its application to run effectively.

Approach to performance standards.

This approach is similar to the MBO approach is just that more use of direct size, with an emphasis on performance testing. Use is the standard performance indicators expect and also the performance of which is not usually done.

Direct Index Approach.

This approach measures the performance objective, impersonal criteria such as productivity, absences and in and out employees. Size-the size it can also be broken down into size quantity produce in a given time.

The approach base on behavior.

Critical (Critical incident)

Approach with this method requires a sharp of appraisers in observing the behavior of each person who votes. Assessors are require to record what will be done by such person in at a time going a different incident with the usual she experience. Appraisers look at the response of the person assess, whether the person is able to remain focus and supporting targets that have been set or even in fact inhibit the achievement of targets that have been set.

The rating Scale be give a weighting according to behavior (Behaviorally Anchor rating scales/BARS).

The first step is to be complete in this method is to collect data. That describes the behavior of a good, average, bad and for each category of Office. These events are then group into basic assessments will be undertakes. Then the events rated solitary performance.

Scale observations of behavior (Behavioral Observation Scales).

This method is very similar to the BARS or with a standard Scale mix. The difference is that the BOSS assesses performance of employees. By means of how often they perform critical events (critical incidents). As well as frequency these events. The value obtain for each offender by giving okay to an assessment of the overall frequency.

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