Tuesday 18 December 2018

Basic of organizational culture

An Organizational culture is a system of shared assumptions, values, and beliefs, which governs how people behave in organizations. It is encompassing values and behaviors that "contribute to the unique social and psychological environment of a business.

In everyday community life is inseparable from the cultural ties which were create. Cultural ties are create by the community concern, both within the family, organization, business or nation. The cultural community to distinguish each other in how to interact and act of completing a job.

Culture binds members of community groups into a unify view which creates uniformity of behaving or acting. Just in time, along with the culture certainly form in the Organization and also can be perceive benefits in giving contribution to the effectiveness of the Organization as a whole.

Here express some understanding of the culture of the organization according to some expert:

    • The organizational culture is a system that is held and the value develop by the organization where it guides the behavior of the members of the Organization itself. It is a means of thinking, callous and react base on certain patterns that exist in the organization or in parts the organization.

    • An organizational culture is a share perception share by members of the organization.

    • Organizational culture is the basic pattern is receive by the Organization to act and solve problems, establish an employee who is able to adapt to the environment and to unite the members of the organization. For it to be taught to members including the new members as a correct way in review, thinking and feeling the problems encounter.

    • The organizational culture is the value system of the Organization and will affect the way work is done and the way employees behave.

It can be conclude that the definition of organizational culture in:

The study was organizational value system embrace by member organizations, which then affect how it works and behaves from the members of the organization.

The cultural sources of the Organization

An organizational culture is influence by several factors, namely:

  1. The General influence of a broad outer: covers factors that cannot be control or only slightly control by the organization.

  2. Influence of the values that exist in the communication the beliefs of the dominant values of society at large such as politeness and hygiene.

  3. The specific factors of the organization: the organization is always interacting with its environment. In addressing both external as well as internal organizational problems will get settlements which succeed. The success of these issues address the different forms the basis for the growth of the culture of the organization.

The function of organizational culture

The function of organizational culture as follows:

  • The culture creates a clear distinction between one organization and that another.

  • Culture brings a sense of identity for the members of the organization.

  • Facilitating the emergence of a culture of commitment on something wider than one's individual self-interest.

  • Culture is the social adhesive that helps unify the organization by providing the proper standards to be made by the employee.

  • Culture as a mechanism of control and meaning makers that guide and shape the attitudes and behavior of employees.

Characteristics of the culture of the Organization

There are 7 traits of culture of the Organization are:

  • Innovation and taking risks. The extent to which employees are support to be innovative and take risks.

  • Attention to detail. The extent to which employees are expect to demonstrate accuracy, analysis and attention to detail.

  • Results Orientation. The extent to which management focus on results rather than on the techniques and processes use to achieve those results.

  • The orientation of people. The extent to which management decisions take into account the effects on the people in the organization.

  • Team Orientation. The extent to which work activities are organize around teams, he said

  • Aggressiveness. Related to the aggressiveness of the employees.

  • The organization emphasizes retain the organizational culture that is already good.

  • By assessing the organization base on seven of these characteristics, it will be retrieve from the compound description of the culture of the organization. This picture became the basis for a share understanding of the feeling of belonging to the members regarding the Organization, how the affair settle in it, and how its members behave.

Cultural Typology

There are four types of organizational culture:


Company love to recruit young university graduates, giving them special training, and then operate them in a special function. Companies prefer employees who are more careful, thorough, and detail in the face and solve a problem.


Company more leaning towards the orientation of people and team orientation where the company gives a high value on employees who can fit in the system of the organization. Companies also like a loyal employee and have high commitment and emphasis on teamwork.

Baseball team

Companies for the risk taker and an innovator. The company is also orient on results achieve by the employees. The company also prefers an aggressive employee. Companies tend to seek talent people of all ages and experience. The company also offers financial incentives are very large and great freedom for those. Who are very accomplish.


Company skew to maintain a culture that's been good. Many companies cannot be neatly categorize into one of four categories because brands have a blend of culture or because the company is in a period of transition.

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