Friday 16 June 2023

Application of systems analysis method in project evaluation


Systems analysis method

Systems analysis method : The project evaluation into macroeconomic factors and microeconomic factors into specific indicators, analyzes the risk index of each index according to the statutory analysis of experts, constructs the risk judgment matrix by quantitative method.

1. Construct an evaluation index model

The main factors affecting the project are divided into macro factor evaluation and micro factor evaluation. Macro indicators, that is, systemic factors, refer to the macro environment of enterprises, are micro individuals in Indian's market economy system, and are affected by external conditions such as national laws and regulations, financial markets, etc. Micro indicators, that is, non-systematic factors, refer to the utilization of internal resources, market supply and demand, financial status, etc., through the analysis of the enterprise's own adaptation to the external environment. The indicators of system factors and non-system factors are interdependent, related and influential, and enterprises adapt to the unfavorable situation in system factors by changing their own resource allocation.

Construction indicators, which determine the decisive factors of project trade-offs, reflect the possibility of project construction. Market indicators refer to the analysis of whether the new products produced or the services provided by the enterprise match the market demand. 

As well as competitors and supply chains; Project technical indicators refer to the analysis of influencing factors that directly determine the quality, quantity, production scale and production efficiency of products, and play a key role in product market, product cost and project benefit; Capital market indicators refer to the external environment to which enterprises belong such as the degree of dependence on the capital market, the stability and perfection of the capital market, etc.


Macroeconomic indicators measure macroeconomic indicators such as economic prosperity index, inflation rate, and people's livelihood index; The political and social index refers to hard indicators such as domestic policies, regulations and regulations, and soft indicators such as social stability and the connection between enterprises and nature. 


When evaluating each indicator, it is necessary to base on the enterprise, find out the main factors that are closely managed with the project, and then distinguish the indicators to which each factor belongs, and conduct index evaluation, so as to find out the favorable and unfavorable factors of the enterprise through the assessment and prevent the influencing factors of the enterprise from being ignored due to assessment omissions.

2. Project venture capital analysis

After the evaluation of various indicators, according to the evaluation results, the analytic hierarchy method is used to construct the venture capital system as shown in the figure, and the judgment matrix is constructed by using expert analysis statutory analysis, the validity of the judgment matrix is tested, and the risk assessment system is constructed to obtain the risk size of each index. Analyze analytic hierarchy for risk assessment. As follows:


Conclusions and Recommendations

In the project evaluation, a comprehensive demonstration method is adopted to establish a system model including a large number of parameters, and then the authenticity and reliability of the empirical hypothesis are tested through computer simulation and calculation. After the conclusions reached by the system model, experts from various disciplines and specialties jointly analyze, synthesize and research, and then put forward opinions on the revision of the system model. Through this process of human-computer interaction, repeated comparison, and successive approximation, a scientific conclusion is finally formed.


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