Thursday 16 December 2021

Project Management Methodology



The project management is the process of generating quantity and quality deliverables through a series of time-starting activities to achieve the goals of a project (e.g., schedule, budget, and quality), while the methodology of project management can be defined as: meeting or exceeding the project's expectations through the use of knowledge, skills, tools, and techniques. in other words, by the right way, a project manager can identify and minimize risks and costs to meet the project's schedule requirements.

No methodology can broadly meet the project management needs of a wide range of industries, and the methodology of project management is defined by the American project management association as a set of methods, techniques, processes, rules, templates, and best practices in a project. there are two main points:

a) a conceptual framework for project or project team management

b) a collection of guidelines, standards and processes

two. project management methodology

if you need to evaluate and determine which methodology your project fits, you can identify it through the following processes:

a) check the background: collect application cases of project management methods in your industry;

b) find benchmarks: identify the elements of successful application of project management in your industry;

c) focus: identify the key benefits and importance of the project management methodology in this element;

d) key to identifying basic management process groups and top ten areas of project management knowledge;

e) comparison: comparing the advantages and disadvantages of both sides by the results applied to other traditional methodologies;

f) results: based on the results of inspections and comparisons, select the methodology that is appropriate for your project;

what are the key factors for successful project management?

the success of a project is a key factor that requires:

a) clear goals and results

b) a good project management process

c) a range of project management tools are available

d) project members understand the roles and tasks in the project

the choice of project manager is also important, and the project manager needs to have a wide range of technical and managerial capabilities, be able to deliver on time and on time, and adapt to the different circumstances and circumstances of the project.

the area of knowledge for project management

project management is the use of knowledge, skills, tools and technology to project activities to better meet the expectations of stakeholders.

the knowledge areas of project management run through the entire project phase, and the tools in these areas of knowledge enable the project manager to ensure more effective organization and good behavior to manage the project.

a) scope management: ensure that the necessary work is required to successfully complete the project objectives, avoid additional and unnecessary work, and do not miss the management process for some work.

b) communication management: through the management process that generates, collects, disseminates and stores project information and requires appropriate and timely processing of that information.

c) risk management: a management process that identifies, analyses and responds to possible risks in project tasks through a systematic process;

d) human resources management: a management process that maximizes the efficiency of those involved in the project by developing appropriate processes;

e) procurement management: the process of obtaining goods and services needed for project implementation through external organizations;

f) time management: ensuring that the project is completed in a timely manner;

g) cost management: the management process to ensure that the project is completed within the approved budget;

h) quality management: the management process to ensure that the project meets the stated objectives or needs;

i) integrated management: a management process that ensures that all aspects or processes of the project are coordinated;

j) stakeholder management: by identifying the management processes that may affect or be affected by the project by the person, team or organization involved;

all projects have a lifecycle from start to finish, which is an important period to be able to demonstrate and validate the application of a good project manager's project management capabilities.

the type and duration of the project life cycle depends on the nature of the project, such as the size of the project, the size of the project risk, the problems that a project failure poses to the company or organization, and a successful project manager should have the ability to ensure the success of the project. each project follows the same project cycle principles, including start-up, planning, implementation, control, and closing.

what benefits can you derive from the methodology of project management?

we don't go into more details, and the average project manager must have studied the relevant project management materials, which provide project management methodologies that have clearly been set up specifically to address the needs of certain industries, whether it be the information technology industry, the construction industry, the financial industry or government departments.

let's look at what these industry project management methods have in common, they need to do systematic analysis from the beginning of the project, the necessary output, such as products, services or systems;

"there will be a team focused on quality improvements and will continue to push them to the customer or organisation;

the success factors in these methodologies are discussed extensively and summarized as part of a good project management approach, and you get the benefits you want.

k) there is a clear agreement or contract setting out the objectives of the project;

l) simple operating procedures and timely reporting;

m) easy to review projects against their objectives;

n) the project management process and timing are transparent;

o) successful implementation of project risk management;

p) ability to deal with complex issues in the project;

q) the ability to easily quantify completion progress and continuously improve the execution of control processes and commands

r) the ability to regulate the needs of stakeholders at all stages of the project;

s) ability to estimate the extent to which the plan has been completed;

t) and improve the plan based on the estimates

u) ability to understand whether the project can be completed or exceeded expectations;

Traditional VS Modern

here is a brief overview of some of the project management methodologies, which, although not comprehensive, can be implemented in a way that gives the owner or project manager some options when implementing the project through comparison and analysis of traditional and modern project management methods.

several project management methods in the figure are currently popular, and some methodologies may apply to all projects, but some methods may apply only to specific project types, such as one methodology that is considered to be applicable to road construction projects, while others are more appropriate for software development projects.

in the latter discussion of the commonly used methodology, no method is best, only the most applicable, depending on the type of project and the current environment to choose.

traditional project management methods were previously widely used in all walks of life, but are now concentrated in the construction industry, known as the waterfall model, because it defines a series of task flows that need to be completed at all stages of the project, like a waterfall.

the traditional project management method divides the project management process into seven continuous stages:

a) clarification required

b) design

c) construction (coding)

d) integration

e) verification (testing)

f) installation

g) operations

once the previous phase of the project is completed and validated, the project can only proceed to the next stage, which is more suitable for projects or tasks that output tangible physical products (e.g. construction projects, hardware installation projects, etc.) that have a certain order of order, and project plans that can be reused by future projects.

Modern project management approaches are not focused on linear processes, but rather on looking at project management in a different way, some of which may be more appropriate for the it industry, such as software development, others for product integration, process improvement, product development, and so on.

modern project managers are more concerned with using different management method models to select the right methodology by project type, scale and natural attributes. here is a brief description of these methodologies:

The Project Management Knowledge System (PMBok: Project Management, Body of Knowledge) is a set of standards that focus on project management and are compiled and published by members of the American Project Management Association. The project management knowledge system standard has been widely used in project management and is well known, PMbok in the United States has been approved by the American Project Management Association as the national standard of project management.

Project management in a controlled environment (Prince2:PRojects IN a Controlled Envirement), derived from a summary and refinement of UK project management experience, is a project management approach that can be applied to manage and control any project, regardless of project size and domain, no longer limited to IT projects, with each process defining key inputs, key activities to be performed, and special output objectives.

IpMP: International Project Manager Professional is a four-tier project management professional certification promoted worldwide by the International Project Management Association. The International Project Management Association's Publishing Project Management Capability Benchmark (ICB: IPMA Competence Baseline) describes the requirements for the knowledge and experience of project managers, large project planning managers, project team managers, and project managers, including the basic terminology, tasks, practices, skills, functions, management processes, methods, techniques and tools used in a successful project management theory and practice, and the application of expertise and experience in specific environments. Creative, advanced practical activities

Key Chain Project Management (CCPM: Critical Chain Project Management) is a project management approach that applies to constraint theory (TOC:Theory of Constraints) in a multi-project environment through planning, implementation, and auditing of work. By maintaining a more balanced distribution of resources, schedule start-up times are required to be flexible and flexible between tasks and task chains to ensure that the entire project is on schedule.

The ultimate goal of these methodologies is to improve project management capabilities, improve organizational processes, and effectively manage subcontractors.

Therefore, when we select a project management approach, we recommend that the project management team have the benefits of implementing the project management approach and whether the type is appropriate for their organization's size, systems, and customer needs. as the project management approach evolves globally, project managers also need to take into account changes in customer needs, current processes and technologies, and continuously improve their competitiveness to respond positively.

Of course, it is recommended that professional project managers or to test a qualification, on the one hand, can take an internationally recognized certificate, on the other hand, you can also systematically learn the theoretical knowledge of project management.

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