Tuesday 1 January 2019

Types of organizational culture

Types of organizational culture

Every organization has a culture that is different and has a unique culture in organizing or set individuals in the organization. Thus, it can be said that none of the organizations are the same. But basically, the uniqueness-the uniqueness of the organization is the combination of the four types or type of organizational culture.

The develop an Instrument assessment of organizational culture call the Organizational Culture Assessment Instrument or abbreviate with OCAI with methods validate survey to assess the organizational culture that has exist on the Organization in question and forms of organizational culture as what is prefer by the members of the organization or employees of the organization.


Framework on Cultural Assessment Instruments the organization explain how four competing cultural organization between each other. Frameworks or Framework consists of 4 parameters, namely flexibility, control (Control), Internal and External Focus. Base on four parameters, Robert e. Quinn and Kim s. Cameron then share the culture of the Organization into 4 quadrants that are Clan Culture (culture of the clan), the Hierarchy culture (the culture of Hierarchy), Market culture.

Quinn and Cameron also found that a flexible organizational culture is more successful when compare to a rigid culture of the organization because the Organization the organization is best able to manage the competition between cultures while enabling values on four types of culture other organizations if necessary.

Four Types of Organizational Culture

The following is a discussion of four of a kind or type of organizational culture, according to Robert e. Quinn and Kim s. Cameron.

Culture of the clan (Clan Culture)

Cultural Organization in this clan, each Member in the Organization have a sense of community and family. The leader or the leader of the organization is consider a mentor and even as a father figure who acts as the head of the family. Clan culture type is similar to a family type organization trying to achieve consensus and commitment through engagement and communication between members, and appreciates the cooperation, participation and consensus was. Success in the context of the culture of this clan is meeting the needs of customers and concern for community.


This type of organization culture base on the energy and creativity. Members of the organization or Employees are encourage to dare to take risks, think outside the experimenting and habits to get things done. The leader or leaders of the organization are consider as an innovator and entrepreneur.

It encourages the  culture of the organization or company to thrive by creating products and services that are innovative and quick response to market changes. Success in the context of cultural. It is to have the new products and services as well as being a pioneer of something new. Google and Facebook are examples of companies that have the characteristics of the culture.

The culture of the market

This culture is built on the basis of the dynamics of competition and the achievement of tangible results, the focus is on purpose or results. Organization Type of culture Market is center on an external environment that is its customers. They are giving priority to the interests of the customer or the company's profits and market share compare to the satisfaction of its employees as well as the development of its human resources.

Common purpose Cultural Organization in this market is the largest profit, gaining the largest market share and beat its competitors. Success in the context of the Organization Culture characteristic of this market is gaining the largest market share and became the leader of the market (Market Leader).

The culture of Hierarchy (Hierarchy culture)

 Organizational culture kind of Culture enshrine Hierarchy structure and control. The work environment is both formal and strict control. Leadership is base on coordination and monitoring are organize with a culture that emphasizes efficiency and predictability.

The value of the culture of this hierarchy is the consistency and uniformity. Success in the context of organizations that adopt the culture of this hierarchy is planning (planning). A reliable, quality product and service, on time delivery and low operating costs. Management should ensure job certainty and predictability.

Instrument OCAI (Organizational Culture Assessment Instrument) this indicates that the rare company. That has the dominance of one particular type of organizational culture. Even and also rarely there are companies or organizations that have equality the same against four organizational culture. However, there is the possibility of a specific department or work unit show the characteristics of subdominant. Sample looks like the Research and Development Department. That has characterize culture while the production department is likely to adopt the characteristics of the culture of hierarchy.

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