Friday 18 January 2019

Elements of delegation of authority

A Manager cannot work on all its work on its own. To meet and complete all tasks charged, managers should delegate authority to others especially to his subordinates. Basically, the delegation of Authority is made up of two words namely Delegation and Authority. The said Delegation can be defined as the awarding authority or responsibility to others while definition of the authority is the right and power. To do something, make decisions or rule another person to do or not do something in order to achieve a particular goal.

From the definition of those two words, we can draw the conclusion that is the Delegation of authority or Delegation of Authority is a division of authority and power to the people to carry out certain activities. In management science, Delegation of authority is usually being related to the delegation authority or power of a Manager. To his subordinates or to people who report to him to achieve effective results. But the thing to keep in mind that even though his authority has been delegated. To his subordinates, managers concerned remains responsible for all the results of the work big bag. Authority is one of the important concepts in leadership management.

Understanding Delegation of authority according to experts

For more details regarding the delegation of Authority or Delegation of Authority. Here is some definition or understanding of Delegation of authority, according to the experts.

The delegation of authority is providing some employment or authority by delegator (giver of authority). To delegate (recipient of the authority) for his actions the name of the delegator.

A delegation of Authority is formal authority delegation and responsibility to a subordinate to complete certain activities.

The delegation of Authority is simply the phases of a process when the handover of authority, serving releasing position by implementing accountability.

Elements of the Delegation Authorities (Delegation of Authority)

There are three important elements in the delegation of authority, namely the Authority, responsibility and accountability. The following is a brief discussion regarding the third element of this delegation of authority.


The authority or Authorities within the context of business organization can be defined as the power and the right of a person to use and allocate resources efficiently. To take decisions and give orders in order to achieve the objectives his organization. Louis a. Allen argues that the authority is an amount of power and rights delegated at any given position. Therefore, the authority or authorities should be well define. So that people who held the position of certain knowing clearly the scope of their authority and they may not be wrong to perceive it. In other words, the authority or the authority is right to give commands, messages or instructions to complete everything assign. Top level management is the management level have the greatest authority.

Authority or the authority always flows from top to bottom. This means an employer must explain clearly how his subordinates do the work big bag and explain. What is expect of the delegation of authority in order to receive the results of the work in accordance with the expectations and his desire. Authority or Authorities should be accompanied by the same responsibility. Delegating authority to others does not mean out of accountability. Accountability is still attach to the people who have the highest authority.


 In the great dictionary of Indonesian Language, the meaning of Responsibility is obliged to bear all things (in case nothing can be claimed, reproach, sued and so on). In management, Liability or Responsibility can be defined as the obligation of a person to complete a task that is charged at him. A person who is given the responsibility to ensure that he completed the task laid upon him. If the task is the responsibility did not complete as expect. Then the person concerned must give an explanation or reason why the charge it tasks that are not complete.

Responsibility without authority or adequate authority can lead to dissatisfaction and difficulties in carrying out its work. Someone has the responsibility for the work of the charged it. If it's doing its job properly then the person concerned will get praise or rewards. But if it does not complete the assigned tasks as expected, he is also responsible for completely.


The Accountability is the obligation of a person or organization accountable for its activities and disclose the results transparently. It can be said that accountability was an increase of a sense of responsibility, a higher quality from liability (responsibility) so as to satisfy their bosses.

For example, a delegate a task to a B and asked him to ensure that the task must be done well and right. The task responsibility exists on B, but accountability remained still at A. Simply put, Accountability means responsible for final results in a task. Accountability arises from a Liability or Responsibility.

Phases in Delegation of Authority

Delegation of authority is the basis of the relationship between superiors and subordinates. The following are some steps or stages that must be involved in order to achieve such a delegation of authority.

Job Assignment

A Manager or here called the Delegator should define clearly the duties and work to be carried out by his subordinates. Clarity of assignment as well as the expected results should be the first step in the delegation of authority.

Grant of Authority

The grant of authority occurs when a supervisor split the authority to his subordinates. For this reason, each given enough freedom to subordinates to carry out the tasks given to him by his superiors. Managers in all levels of delegating authority and power that is inherent in their Office. The Division of authority and power is very important to get effective results.

Creates a responsibility and Accountability

The process of delegation of authority was not limit only to the Division of authority and power from his superiors to his subordinates. Because at the same time must be duties to the task assigned to them. Responsibility or liability factor is said to be an individual to carry out. Its task on the basis of their ability to comply with the direction of his superiors. The responsibility is very important in the delegation of authority as it will provide the effectiveness on the authority given. Accountability emerged from responsibility and liability arises from the authority. Therefore, responsibility and Accountability should be attach to this delegated authority.

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