Monday 24 December 2018

6 Key rules for Kanban

Kanban is a term in the language of Japan which means Visual Board was originally develop as a method to provide a signal. On the supply of production materials in Inventory System Just in Time. (the exact inventory of System time).

By applying this method of Kanban, production materials supplied and arrive on time in accordance with the amount need. So as to reduce the cost of handling and storage.

rules for Kanban

The term Kanban is derive from two words prefixed with Japan which is "Right" [看] meaning "seen" or "Visual". While the word "Ban" [板] if translated directly into became the "Board" or "card". So the term Kanban Board can be translated as "Visual" or "Visual Card".

Kanban is essentially a management method to visualize communications and control flow activity in a series of production. So as to allow everyone to see the activity flow and customize it according to needs. Kanban method is commonly apply in companies engage in the Manufacturing. But also many companies that non-manufacturing method that implements. The Kanban to control the flow of work to make it more effective and efficient.

Steps in applying the Kanban Method

There are three important steps in implementing Kanban Method. The third such important measures are as follows:

Visualization Workflow

A job can be more easily monitor and supervise if divide into sections/sub-sections or segment. Section or Segment of a job are then comply into a workflow and shown in a tabular or list of work. Which can be seen by all interest parties (stakeholders). As well as the list of ingredients so that production can be seen and notice by all stakeholders.

The visualization can be using the simplest way is to stick a Post it papers or Card information affixed on the Board or by using special Software for Kanban.

Limiting WIP (Work in Progress)

Set firmly the limits of the job/task or the number of units of a product that is still in process (Work In Progress). The job or task that has been arrange in the workflow must be complete in accordance with the time period that is specify so that pending jobs or "still in the process of work" can be control may be minimal.

Whereas for products in the production process, due to the restrictions this WIP, inventory (Inventory) require would be minimal as possible.

Measure the necessary Lead Time

Lead Time is the cycle time require to complete one unit of a product (or a job/task) from the beginning to be a finished product. In this Kanban, measurement and determination of the require Lead Time for the optimize process work. So predictable as accurately as possible and the time it takes any time as brief as possible.

Six Main Rules in applying Kanban

There are six main rules that must be followed in implementing Kanban:

  1. Just take the required course in accordance with the provisions of the Kanban (Take only what is need)

  2. Only produce the amount require by the customer in accordance with the provisions of the Kanban (Produce the exact Quantity require)

  3. No items are moved or used without Kanban.

  4. Should not send product or sum not in accordance to the next process. (Never pass on defective products)

  5. Kanban must be applied consistently on all items.

  6. The number of Kanban can be reduce or add in accordance with the needs of the activity of production itself.

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