Sunday 18 November 2018

What is work motivation?

Work motivation is a process used to encourage and inspire workers to perform their jobs thoroughly and well.

Definition of motivation

People do not only differ in the ability to do something but also their motivations in doing so. " The motivation of people rely on the strong weak motive there. Motif means a State within one's self (inner state) that drive, activate, move, drive and funneling the behavior towards the goal. "

The role of humans in achieving these goals is very important in the achievement of the objectives of the organization. To drive a man to match the desired organization, understood the human motivation to work at an organization, because it is this motivation that determines the behavior of the people for work or in other words the behavior the simplest is a reflection of the motivation.

As for some sense of motivation is as follows:

"Motivation means something that creates the urge or the circumstances that give rise to encouragement. So the motivation can also be interpreted as factors that push people to act in a certain way. "

"The motivation is often defined by the term encouragement. The urge or energy is the soul and physical to do achieve the goal, so the motivation is a driving force that drives human beings to behave, and in the making it has a specific purpose.

Motivation is something that gives rise to the process of awarding work to boost the subordinate to such an extent that they want to work sincerely for the sake of achievement of objectives of the Organization efficiently. "

Of the three definitions of motivation can be drawn the conclusion that motivation is an encouragement of individual needs and desires directed on purpose to gain satisfaction from what they need. In motivating employees, managers should know the motives and the desired employee motivation so that employees want to work sincerely for the sake of achievement of business goals.

Theories about the motivation of

Maslow's theory of

Motivation theory one of the most widely referenced is the theory of the "hierarchy of needs" expressed by Abraham Maslow. Maslow looked at human needs based on a hierarchy of needs from the needs of the lowest to the highest needs. Human needs are identified in the order of importance of the levels of Maslow is as follows:

  • Physiological Needs (Basic Needs) such as clothing, food, Board and individual well-being.

  • Need a sense of security (Securely Needs) associated with the work then the need for security during the work, feeling secure that concerns the future of the employees.

  • A needs of the affiliate or Acceptance (Social Needs): necessity of feeling accepted where it works b) necessity of feeling respected c) Needs to be able to perform the d) Needs to be able to participate.

  • Needs Award (Esteem Needs) types of needs satisfaction as it generates the power, the prestige, status and confidence in yourself.

  • Needs an embodiment of the self (Self-Actualization) this need is the needs of the highest, i.e. it needs to be someone who aspired to and felt was able to make it happen.

Herzberg two factor Theory

Herzberg claimed to have discovered the explanation of two factors of motivation are:

  1. The Hygiene Factors, which include salary, life personal, quality supervision, working conditions, warranty work, interpersonal relationships, tact and the administration of the company.

  2. Motivation Factors, associated with the contents of the job include success, recognition, work that is challenging, the increase and growth in jobs.

ERG Theory Needs

The presence of 3 basic necessities of human beings:

  • Existence Needs (Needs a State) is a need will still be able to live up to the level of lower-level needs of Maslow's physiological needs include IE and the need for a sense of security as well as the hygiene factors of the Herzberg.

  • Relatedness Needs (needs), including the need to interact with others. These needs in accordance with the needs of the affiliate of the hygiene factors of Herzberg.

  • Growth Needs (Growth Needs) are a necessity that drives someone to have influence on the creative and productive against yourself or the environment. The realization of the need for and the realization of the self of Maslow and Herzberg motivation factors of.


Motivation Theory Expectancy

's theory of motivation is revealed by the Vroom. Vroom suggests that people will be motivated to do certain things in order to achieve the goal if they are convinced that their actions will lead to the achievement of those goals.

Motivational theory of Classical

Theory of motivation is revealed by Frederick Taylor States that workers are only motivated solely because of money. This concept States that a person will decrease the morale of his work when the wages are received is considered too little or not worth the work to be done.

Theory X and Y

This theory put forth by Douglas McGregor. He distinguished two types of workers, namely X and y. theory X. Stating that real people are lazy and do not want to cooperate. Theory Y, noted that real people are energetic, oriented to development, motivating yourself, and are interested in becoming productive.


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