Monday 7 January 2019

Scheduling in production process

A scheduling is one of the important activities in the production process or the work of a project. The scheduling is used as the basis for allocating the resource factories such as machinery and equipment production, planning the human resources to be use. The purchase of materials and plan the production process. A good scheduling will provide a positive impact against smooth production and minimize the time and cost of production.

So, scheduling production or Production Scheduling can be defined as a process set up, control and optimize workforce and workload in the process of production or manufacturing process. In other words, the production Scheduling is the determination of the time and place of which a production process has to be done to get the desired quantities.

With this Production Scheduling, management can identify what resources that will be consumed at certain stages of production based on an estimate of the schedule that are made so that the company is not a lack of resources at the time the production took place.

Definitions: Scheduling

The following are some definitions of Scheduling or Scheduling related. To the process of production and operation, according to some experts:

  • Scheduling is an activity of allocating resources or existing machines to run a set of tasks in a specific time period.

  • The scheduling is a plan of arrangement working order. As well as the resource assignment, either time or facilities for each operation to be complete.

  • A scheduling is allocating resources from time to time in order to support. The implementation and completion of a specific work activity.

  • The scheduling is the determination of the labor, equipment, and facilities require. To complete the manufacture of a particular product or service.

  • Scheduling is the timing of an activity scheduling in general operation, aiming to minimize processing time, waiting time subscriptions, and the level of inventories. As well as the efficient use of facilities, manpower, and equipment. Scheduling is arrange with consideration of various limitations that exist.

  • A scheduling or scheduling is allocate time available to carry out each job in order. To complete a project until the optimal results achieve with consider the limitations that exist.

Two techniques in Production Scheduling

In General, there are two techniques in production scheduling techniques i.e. Forward (Forward Scheduling) and Scheduling techniques retrograde (Backward Scheduling).

Forward Scheduling (Forward Scheduling)

Advanced scheduling (Forward Scheduling) is a technique of scheduling production that determines. The start time (start) production first and then calculate the time schedule forward for any operations/production in order. To specify the time of completion of the whole production process (completion).

Scheduling retrograde (Backward Scheduling)

The scheduling retrograde (Backward Scheduling) is a technique of scheduling production that determines. The time when a product is need or the time when a project must be complete. From the time of settlement (completion) or time requirement is then calculate. The exact time of the retreat when a project or the production process must be started (start).

Production Scheduling Methodology

Production Scheduling methodology basically depends on the type of industry, organization, type of product. The level of sophistication in producing the product already. The following are some of the methodology in the scheduling of the production process.

  1. Gantt Chart

  2. Decision Rule Priority (Priority Decision Rules)

  3. Methods Of Mathematical Programming (Mathematical Programming Methods)
    – A Linear Program Model
    – Model Is PERT NEAR Network/CPM

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