Friday 21 December 2018

Employee commitment – Definition and types

Employee commitment

Some definitions of commitment according to some experts:

According to Porter's commitment to employees is the power that is the relative of an individual identifying himself to the involvement in the organization. It can be characterize by three things:

  1. Acceptance of the values and objectives of the organization.

  2. The readiness and willingness to strive earnestly on behalf of the organization.

  3. Desire to maintain membership in the Organization.

Employee Commitment is:

  1. A sense of identification that is confidence in the values of the organization.

  2. Engagement, namely the willingness to try their best in the interest of the Organization in question.

  3. Loyalty, namely the desire to remain a member of the organization.

All of which were declare by the employee against his organization. Steers argues that the commitment of the employees is a condition in which a clerk was very intrigue against the goals, values, and goals the organization.

Employee commitment is more than just a formal membership, since it includes the attitude of love organization and a willingness to strive for a high level of effort the Organization's interests for the sake of achievement of goals.

So the commitment of employees includes an element of loyalty towards the Organization, involvement in work, and identification of the values and objectives of the organization. In addition, the commitment contains the sense as more than just a passive loyalty but rather implies the employee relations with companies actively.

Because employees who demonstrate a high commitment to have the desire to give the power and responsibility in supporting the well-being and success of the organization.

The kind of Commitment the employees

Kind of commitment is divide into three components, namely:

The effective Components related to emotional, identification, and the involvement of employees within an organization. Employees with high effective still join the organization because of its desire to remain a member of the organization.

Normative Component is feeling the obligation of employees must be given to the organization. The normative component develops as a result of socialization experiences, depending on what the feeling of obligation to the extent own by employees. Normative components give rise to feelings of obligation to officers to give a reply for whatever receive from the organization.

Continuance Component means a component base on the perception of employees about the losses that would be encounter if leaving the organization. Employees on the basis of these organizations because these organizations need employees. Employees who have the organizational commitment


On the basis of effective has different behavior with employees on the basis of continuance. Employees who want to become members will have a desire to seek that in accordance with the objectives of the organization. Otherwise employees who were force. To become members of the Organization would avoid financial losses and other losses. So it may only do business that do not.

Known as employee commitment approach attitude towards the organization. Employee commitment has two components, namely the attitude and the will to behave. Attitude includes the identification with the organization that is the acceptance of the objectives of the Organization, where it was the basis of the acceptance of the commitment of the employees.

The identification of the employees look through the attitude of approving the Organization's discretion, the similarity value of personal and organizational values, a sense of pride to be part of the organization. The attitude of a person's involvement also includes the appropriate roles and responsibilities of a job in the organization.

Employees commitments

Employees who have high commitment will receive almost all the tasks and responsibilities of the work given to him. In addition to this stance include warmth, affection, and loyalty towards the organization is the evaluation of the commitments. As well as the existence of emotional bonding and attachment among organizations with employees. Employees with a high commitment to feel any sense of belonging and loyalty towards the organization

While including the will to behave is the willingness to display business. This looks through a willingness to work beyond. What is expect so that the organization can go forward. Employees with high commitment, paying attention to the fate of organizations participate. Desire also includes the will to remain in the organization.

On employees who have high commitment, just a little bit of an excuse to get out of the organization. Who wishes to join the organization that has been chosen for a long time.

So someone who has a high commitment will have the identification of organizations. Engage heartily in employee loyalty and affection and there were positive towards the organization. Besides performing the behavior that strives towards the goal of the Organization. The desire to keep joining the Organization in a long period.

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